Learning and survival

What is memory?

What role does it have in our life?

Memory is one of the most important processes for the survival of people. This allows mechanisms such as learning, decision making, among others to exist. In short, memory is closely related to the development of the individual in his environment and the behavior that will have in different situations.

Memory allows us to store information and then use that information to adapt to the environment that surrounds us. Through past experiences, people learn to respond to the environment and we adapt and develop in it.

This process has been studied for years and a consensus has been reached that there are different types of memory and among all of them they allow us to: Receive external stimuli, store information briefly or in the long term, do unconscious learning, remember information from the world in general and manage information on future events. Without being conscious, memory participates in almost all the actions that people do.

When we get older, one of the processes that is most affected is memory, we begin to forget something, or we do not remember something that we have been told or it is difficult for us to remember a day-to-day event. It must be taken into account that there is a memory impairment that is considered “normal”, this may occur at a certain age and is a slight impairment of memory and information processing (thinking slows down). When it comes to an age-related deterioration, it does not have to affect activities of daily living (ADLs) or show an evolution towards worsening of other cognitive functions. This process is known as DEMAE (Impaired Memory Associated with Age).

On the other hand, if there is a gradual and progressive deterioration of cognitive functions, including memory, capable of affecting activities of daily living, we may find ourselves facing mild cognitive impairment (MCI) or some kind dementia.

Maria Garreta, Collegiate Psychologist nº 21887


To know the process that the elderly people close to us are going through, if they show memory loss, it is best to go to see a specialist and that he can make the appropriate evaluation and diagnosis, since each case will have specific characteristics.

In this way we will be able to receive the necessary help to try to stop the deterioration so that it does not evolve quickly.

There are cognitive stimulation exercises that can help work memory, attention, and other cognitive functions.